the community is reliant upon the police to curb disorder and help in times of emergency. this resulted in the police having less awareness and involvement in the problems of the communities that they served. the underlying philosophy is that improving the quality and quantity of contacts between the community and the police can increase the quality of life in a specific community. this widened outlook recognizes the value of police activities that contribute to order and well-being in a community. furthermore, community policing promises to strengthen the capacity of communities to deal with crime and disorder on their own. the community policing approach requires a shift of responsibility, decision-making, and accountability down through the police organization to the patrol officer. community policing also changes the traditional functions of police supervisors and managers in order to support the increased responsibilities given to the patrol officer. the actual initiatives and strategies that have been implemented under the guise of community policing are as diverse as the definition of community policing itself. in high crime areas, ministations may be erected to give the appearance of increased police presence. in 1994, the second major phase of community policing was introduced to the halton regional police service. the caps program was designed to increase the responsiveness and effectiveness of police problem-solving by linking these efforts directly to a broad range of city services and involving the public in identifying and seeking solutions to neighbourhood problems – hallmarks of community policing. this also means that community policing can look very different in different jurisdictions while adhering to some of the same common principles and containing the same practical elements.
storefront ministations: another goal of community policing is to decentralize police services in order to bring police officers closer to the communities that they serve. within community policing, community meetings are intended to provide an opportunity for members of the public to voice their concerns and a forum for the police and the public to develop problem-solving strategies to identify issues. in san diego, police officials adopted the theory and operating principles of community policing, structuring police-citizen interactions in a manner that was intended to strengthen informal control and thus prevent crime. in 1993, the whole police department was reorganized and the entire force retrained to implement community policing. the role of the community in identifying problems and developing problem-solving strategies in partnership with the police is pivotal to community policing. through the implementation of various initiatives, police services actively elicited the participation of the community in their crime fighting efforts, and the role of the patrol officer and structure of police services were modified to reflect this. community policing, as shown above, can be effectively used to foster relations with the community and as a means of increasing positive attitudes towards the police and perceptions of their legitimacy held amongst the public. losing legitimacy: street crime and the decline of social institutions in america. the image of the police in black atlanta communities. reducing fear of crime in houston and newark: a summary report. ), the future of community policing (pp. community policing in madison: quality from the inside out.
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